Project Objectives
The overall objective ...

of the MoMo-project is the development and implementation of an IWRM for the Kharaa River Basin as a model region for Mongolia and comparable regions in Central Asia. Key features of this model region include a highly continental climate, substantial land use changes and the increasing extraction of raw materials.

Building on the results two previous project phases, phase III aims at the implementation and dissemination of conceptual and technologcial solutions. The overall goals are:
  • improving the living conditions of the local population;
  • ensuring drinking water supply and waste water treatment in a sustainable manner;
  • protecting water resources and preserving the functioning of aquatic ecosystems.

Development and implementation of an IWRM for the Kharaa Catchment

The Kharaa River Basin is a model region for the development and future diffusion of an IWRM concept. The work is organized as a multilateral interdisciplinary collaboration which takes into account the specific conditions in different subregions of the catchment:
  • Darkhan as the largest urban settlement (approx. 100,000 inhabitants) has, due to its intra-urban segmentation, diversified structures of water supply. Because of the relatively high density of population and industry, there is a local concentration of water withdrawal and waster water discharge. At the same time, the respective infrastructure largely dates from the socialist period and is only partially functional.
  • Rural regions are characterized by a mixture of small towns, villages and disperse, nomadic and semi-nomandic settlements. The nomadic population in particular does not have access to modern water supply infrastructure, and the water resources used by them varies from their whereabouts.

Usage and transfer of results

The activities in the model region aim not only at investigations leading towards a scientific base for implementing an IWRM and establishing a water monitoring system. Adapted technical solutions have already been field-tested at the pilot-scale and will be multiplicated at the large-scale during the third phase of the project (2015-2018).

Capacity development measures aim at improving the local starting conditions for IWRM implementation. Therefore the target groups are not only political stakeholders, technical staff and scientists, but also the general public. This way, the widest possible acceptance and participation is sought.

The experiences are continuously scrutinized with respect to their transferability within in Mongolia and other Central Asian countries.